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浅论民事诉讼的目的

  • 简介:(页数:17 字数:12706 毕业论文)摘要:民事诉讼目的论是民事诉讼法学领域重要的基础理论,民事诉讼目的理论研究的意义,就在于它为民事诉讼制度设计提供一种基本理念。基于不同的目的观,会有不同的制度设计,如依纠纷解决说设计的民事诉讼制度,必然更...
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(页数:17 字数:12706 毕业论文)摘要:民事诉讼目的论是民事诉讼法学领域重要的基础理论,民事诉讼目的理论研究的意义,就在于它为民事诉讼制度设计提供一种基本理念。基于不同的目的观,会有不同的制度设计,如依纠纷解决说设计的民事诉讼制度,必然更注重当事人的和解及程序的简化;而依程序保障说设计的民事诉讼制度,则会更加重视对诉讼程序正当性的追求。对民事诉讼目的的研究使人们能够在更高的层次上发现问题和思考问题,在构筑民事诉讼制度时更进一步重视正当性方面。一国民事诉讼目的既不能脱离该国具体司法背景,同时又要能使民事诉讼与仲裁、调解等非诉讼制度在目的上区别开来。结合我国今天正在大力推广的审判方式的改革,以设立民事诉讼制度的客观需要和民事诉讼本质属性与规律为基点来重新思考和设定我国民事诉讼目的,从而用以重构我国科学可行的民事审判制度,有利于我国司法改革的深化。

关键词:民事诉讼目的 民事诉讼目的理论 纠纷解决 程序保障

On the Theory of Civil Lawsuit Purpose

Abstract :The issue of civil lawsuit purpose is the basis of theory in the civil lawsuit area. The theoretical study significance lies in that it could provide a basic concept for civil litigation system. Based on the concept of different purposes, there will be different system designs, such as the civil lawsuit system which is based on the design of solving disputes, it inevitably focus more on the simplification of procedures. Nevertheless, the civil lawsuit system which is based on the design of procedure guarantee inevitably pays more attention to the pursuit for the legitimacy of the proceedings. The research for the purpose of civil proceedings could enable people to identify and think about the problem at a higher level and to pay further attention to aspects of legitimacy for the civil lawsuit system. The purposes of country’s civil lawsuit can not be divorced from the specific context of the judiciary, but distinguished from civil and arbitration, mediation and other non-litigation system in purpose. We should re-think and set up China's civil purposes on the basis of establishing the objective needs of civil litigation system and the nature of civil laws with the reform of the judgment means vigorously promoted nowadays in China. It could be helpful for the reconstruction of science and viable civil justice system the deepening of judicial reform in China.

Keywords: civil lawsuit purpose, the theory of civil lawsuit purpose, dispute solving, procedure guarantee

目 录

摘要
Abstract
前 言
一.民事诉讼目的的概念及研究意义
(一)民事诉讼目的的概念及其特征
(二)民事诉讼目的研究的意义。
二.国外民事诉讼目的论的发展演变
(一)权利保护说
(二)维护法律秩序说
(三)纠纷解决说
(四)程序保障说
(五)权利保障说
三.对民事诉讼目的论的再思考
结语
参考文献:
致 谢

前 言
随着我国依法治国理念的不断深化,我国法学学术理论研究也取得了长足的进步。民事诉讼目的论属于民事诉讼法学基础理论的范畴,是构建民事诉讼法学理论体系的基点和归宿,是民事诉讼实践的内在要素和终极目标,在民事诉讼法学理论中处于核心地位,是民事诉讼法学的理论基石。但每个国家的法制传统、现实国情及由此决定的法制化阶段对法学理论的要求毕竟有所不同。因此,旨在对我国民事诉讼制度设计提供基本理念的民事诉讼目的论研究必须结合我国的现实进行。

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