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论民事诉讼契约

  • 简介:(页数:11 字数: 8266毕业论文)摘要:诉讼契约是由大陆法系民事诉讼法学家提出的概念,在我国又称为诉讼协议。诉讼契约除了具备契约的一般特征外,还具有它独特的本质特征。我国立法上有诉讼契约的实质规定,理论上尚未建立相关制度,但诉讼契约之所以...
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(页数:11 字数: 8266毕业论文)摘要:诉讼契约是由大陆法系民事诉讼法学家提出的概念,在我国又称为诉讼协议。诉讼契约除了具备契约的一般特征外,还具有它独特的本质特征。我国立法上有诉讼契约的实质规定,理论上尚未建立相关制度,但诉讼契约之所以能够存在,因为它体现了当事人的意思自治、诉讼法中的处分原则;它是公法与私法相互交融的结果,是解决民事纠纷的需要。在民事诉讼中建立诉讼契约制度,不仅是对当事人主体性的强调和确定,还能降低诉讼成本,提高诉讼效率,使纠纷以及其他程序事项能够更加灵活地得到解决。由于我国民事诉讼受职权主义模式影响,当事人之间的诉讼合意受到限制,当事人的处分自由能动性没有得到充分发挥,诉讼契约制度存在不足,因此对于如何完善我国的诉讼契约制度提出几点建议。

关键词:诉讼契约 合意 处分原则 程序选择权

Disscussion on the Civil Litigation Contract

Abstract :The litigation contract is a concept which proposed by the jurist of mainland legal systerm,is also called litigation agreement in our country.It has some unique substantive characteristcs besides has the general characteristcs of contract.Our country legislation has essential stipulation about the litigation contract, instead,ralated systerms has not yet been established in theory.But the reason that the litigation contract can exist,because it embodies the parties’ meaning autonomy,the handing principle of the parties;it is the result which the public law and the civil law blend mutually,is the demand to solve civil disputes. Establishes the litigation contract systerm in the civil litigation,not only emphasize and determine the parties’independence,but also can reduce the costs and improve the efficiency of the litigation so that disputes and other procedural matters can be solved nimbly.Under the inflence of the authoritation pattern,the handing principle of the parties embodies insufficiently,the litigation contract systerm exist defects,so there are several suggestions about how to improve our country’s litigation contract.

Key words:the litigation contract, consensus,the handing principle of the parties,the right of choice of procedure.

目 录
摘要..................................................................Ⅲ
ABSTRACT..........................................................Ⅳ
前言...................................................................1
一、 民事诉讼契约的含义及特征...................................1
(一)含义..........................................................1
(二)特征..........................................................2
二、 民事诉讼契约的存在根据.......................................2
(一)处分原则的体现...............................................2
(二)实现诉讼目的的需要..........................................3
(三)公法与私法的相互渗透........................................3
三、 民事诉讼契约的性质及效力....................................4
(一)私法契约说...................................................4
(二)诉讼行为说...................................................4
(三)诉讼契约说...................................................4
四、 我国有关民事诉讼契约的规定及不足..........................5
(一)相关规定......................................................5
(二)我国民事诉讼契约规定的不足.................................5
1.对现有的诉讼契约加以限制..........................................5
2.对某些诉讼契约的效力未明确规定....................................6
3.范围过窄,未充分体现当事人程序选择权...............................6
五、 完善我国的民事诉讼契约制度的若干建议.....................6
(一)放宽对协议管辖的限制.......................................7
(二)建立诉讼和解制度............................................7
(三)对诉讼契约的效力予以确定...................................8
(四)扩大当事人程序选择的适用范围,建立更多诉讼合意..........8
结语...................................................................9
参考文献.............................................................10
致谢..................................................................11

前言
契约通常是存在于私法领域中的范畴,那么作为公法的民事诉讼法中是否存在“契约”呢?这是个十分有意思的问题,当然答案是肯定的,我们称之为“诉讼契约”。在民事诉讼法及相关法律中实质上有诉讼契约的规定,在各国司法实践中也存在,但是我国民事诉讼法学界尚未完全承认作为法律概念和理论的诉讼契约,并且在国内对诉讼契约的讨论少之又少。

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