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论现代景观科学的形成与发展

  • 简介: 原文 提 要  论述了景观科学的形成与发展,从科研认识的角度对景观生态学的核心概念做了介绍。ABSTRACT  Landscape geography came from a geographical clique of German and Russia. It has a long history. After a century's develo...
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提 要  论述了景观科学的形成与发展,从科研认识的角度对景观生态学的核心概念做了介绍。
ABSTRACT  Landscape geography came from a geographical clique of German and Russia. It has a long history. After a century's development, fully absorbing the important thoughts of ecology, system science and anthropology, gradually getting rid of the stale and bringing forth the fresh, it has formed the new generation landscape science which is delegated by landscape ecology until the 1980's. Lnadscape ecology merges the study of relationship between structure and function, and human function process in geography, forms the theory frame which focuses on the concepts of pattern and process in different scale and the human-dominated landscape evolution, etc. It emphasizes practical applied field, such as landscape planning and management. Landscape architecture embodies the cross of landscape science and engineering, combines the creature and engineer steps, construct human-habitat environment which can fully reveal multiple value of landscape. The paper discusses the formation and development of modern landscape science systematically, introduces the core concepts of landscape ecology at the point of scientific research epistemology.
Key Words: Landscape geography; Landscape ecology; Landscape architecture; Subject development

  景观地理学是诞生于德国与俄罗斯的一个地理学学派[1,2],可说是源远流长。经一个多世纪的发展,充分吸收了生态学、系统学与人类科学的重要思想,逐步推陈出新,至本世纪80年代,更是形成了以景观生态学为代表的新一代的景观科学。景观生态学将生态学中结构与功能关系的研究与地理学中人地相互作用过程的研究有机融合,形成了以不同时空尺度下格局与过程、人类作用为主导的景观演化等概念为中心的理论框架,形成强调自然与人文因子相结合的景观规划与管理等实际应用领域。景观规划建筑学则体现了景观学与工程科学的交叉,它将生物措施与工程措施相结合,营建能充分展示景观多重价值的人居环境[3~5]。本文系统论述了现代景观科学的形成与发展,从科研认识论的角度对景观生态学的核心概念做了重点介绍。


  目录

1 景观地理学的源流
2 景观地理学的推陈出新
3 景观生态学的理论贡献
4 景观规划建筑学的实际应用与发展
5 我国景观生态学研究的重要成果


  参考资料

参考文献

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收稿日期:1999-03-16 (《地理科学》)

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